Category Archives : Windows

A step back in time, today – Windows 2000

IMG_3651 IMG_3650

Over the weekend I discovered a power pack which had gone missing to an old Dell Latitude CPt notebook which dates to the pre-Y2K era. 

Back then, I used to work for an anti-virus start up called vCIS which operated out of the basement of the Software Spectrum building in Brookevale in Sydney.  Software Spectrum offered to sell to vCIS staff their second hand (“pre loved”) Dell laptops for a small sum (I think about $200-ish) and so I picked up a particularly plucky Latitude (pictured).

So having found the long lost power pack, I decided it might be interesting to surf the Net on a platform from a bygone era.  The Latitude was heavily customized by myself back in the day, and managed to stay useful well into the late 00s.  I’d managed to mount a very old RPC-1 DVD drive into the docking tray, and since the screen was quite nice, used it as a makeshift DVD player with wireless networking to boot.

How’s this for specs?  It still has a working HDD, and a tidy 6 GB of total capacity, most of which is free.  On top of that, about 128mb of system RAM, and believe it or not – a PCMCIA slot-based WiFi card which bypasses the need to use a wired LAN port to get onto the network.  Yes, back in the day this laptop was no slouch.

Booting an antique

So I sat down and fired her up.  The old fans groaned, but the BIOS passed although it did complain bitterly about the fact that the CMOS battery died a decade ago and wanted to know what date/time it was.  After the full screen boot loader, we were into the Operating System.


That old start menu looks dangerously dated compared to the nice shiny one in Windows 10 – old verses new:

start-2k  start-10

Kicking the tyres

Anyhow, before we get to the good stuff (browsing the web), I thought it would be interesting to poke around the old Operating System.  Here’s the System Properties, Administrative Tools and the Control Panel:

comp admin


Quite a contrast to the new age icons we now have with Windows 10:


Some of the oldest files on the system date back to before the millennia:


Tools of the trade

Back in the day, we had to live with Internet Explorer 6 and the free bundled Outlook Express, with its fancy MFC MDI frames:

ie6  outlook

You know something’s old when it references NCSA’s Mosaic (one of the world’s first popular web browsers).

Browsing the Internet, Y2K-style

So I joined the PCMCIA WiFi card to my home WLAN without any drama.  I felt a pang of guilt that my modern equipment would be so backwards compatible, but carried ahead anyway.  The next step was to run up Internet Explorer and then see what I could resolve.  My first challenge was obvious – legacy protocol support.  Most modern sites have abandoned the protocols and cyphers used by such an old browser, yet there was hope.


I could not resolve to the world’s most popular search engine.  My suspicion is they might have dropped support for legacy protocols, even enabling TLS 1.0 failed to produce results.


I had to enable TLS 1.0 in the advanced options in order to resolve and render the Facebook site:

facebook  fb

..and it took a while given the number of security warnings I had to click “Yes” to, in order to just hit the login page.  I did not authenticate, but instead moved on.


No protocol issues resolving MSN or the main Microsoft site, but of the two, only MSN held up in the confines of this clunky old browser:

msn  ms bing

Bing managed to render slightly better, probably because no one was using it at the time.


How about the fashionistas of the technology world?  Could they live rendering a sub-optimal visual even on such an old platform?


Unsurprisingly, Apple’s crisp minimalist look fared “OK” under Internet Explorer 6.  Still some UI artefacts not playing ball, but the site was still useable.  How about journeying to something from the same era as the laptop?  Given my strike-out with Google, why not an old Internet search engine?  So I tried..


From the Lycos era, this site is still surprisingly operating – and renders beautifully.  Search results weren’t helpful, but what can one expect from such an old site?


Now you might be wondering which commercial, big business site loaded and rendered the best out of the dozen I tested?  You may or may not be surprised that the award goes to………


The IT behemoth’s main site loaded perfectly in Internet Explorer 6, which is worth praising and also mocking in the same breath.


Look, I’m not above reproach myself.  Whilst this site (Sanders Technology) did a fairly dismal job of rendering, my companion site Aussie Travel Guy did a surprisingly good job of rendering.

st  atg


Whilst it’s a bumpy and often slow ride, it’s still somewhat possible to drive the Internet in a 15-year old operating system, on 16 year old hardware.  Some might find that surprising.  I know I did.  I bid you farewell, from this war horse of a laptop.


Introduction to Windows 10



This was ideally supposed to be one of the (logically) first entries in a series of articles about the newly minted Microsoft Windows 10.  However, owing to some of the more controversial aspects of the default settings in Windows 10, I felt compelled to do a quick write-up on what to disable first.  Not exactly what I’d planned, but such is life.

The hook

This is possibly what Windows 8 should have been – lean, sleek and efficient.  Microsoft has listened (perhaps with some chagrin) to the overwhelming feedback from the community and this version of Windows heralds the triumphant return of the stalwart Start Menu, last seen in Windows 7.


There’s quite honestly, quite a lot to like about this new version of Windows.  I’ve tested it “bare metal” on a brand new high end Dell laptop as well as on an 8-year old hand-built PC tower, and the operating system has been reliable and fast.  The driver support coming across the wire from the Windows Update driver library has been remarkably impressive

The criticisms

Windows 10 though is not without controversy of its own.  This edition marks a significant change in how periodic system updates (or patches) are handled.  Rather than giving the end user oversight into what is installed and when, Windows 10 almost uniformly removes this oversight altogether, surprisingly even in the corporate targeted Enterprise edition.

Let’s move on though.

Great from the start

The installation was incredibly fast on the Dell however a tad slower on the desktop tower, owing to difficulties booting from USB (I had to resort to disc-based install). 


As usual, I almost always perform clean installs rather than upgrading, even when upgrading retains most of your previous operating system.  The reasons for this are too long to go into detail here, but some of the upside is removing “guff” and ensuring everything is using the latest drivers and also the latest editions of all the software suites I use.

I’m going to assume by this point that you’ve either upgraded or you have a clean install – either way, you’re either staring at a shiny Windows 10 user interface, or you’re seriously considering installing and/or upgrading.  In case you haven’t read other reviews or seen my previous articles on the pre-release editions, I’ll walk you through the key parts of the revamped operating environment.

Desktop Areas

Let’s assume you have an account and you’ve authenticated to the desktop. Are we in for some surprises in this edition of Windows?  Let’s find out.  Here’s the basic layout of the Windows 10 desktop:


  1. Now, the desktop tends to pretty much work as you would expect
  2. The return of the Start menu
  3. The Task bar has been a feature of Windows since Windows 95
  4. The system tray is often overlooked by users, but Windows 10 adds some big value in this area

1. The Desktop

This is where all your apps render, and where you can save shortcuts (typically links to apps or websites) and other documents.  It hasn’t changed dramatically in this version as far as I can tell initially.

2. The Start Menu

Instinctively, the first thing I clicked on was the Start menu.  As I reported in an earlier article, its return is welcome.  I should point out that it is still possible to change the menu to be full screen, as it was in Windows 8/8.1.


Microsoft has integrated the Metro-style menus into the Windows 10 Start menu, with live tiles and the usual suspects we’ve come to know from the previous edition.  What we do find here is the more familiar Start menu groups (“All apps”) which allows you to explore your installed software just like in the old days:


Naturally, you can just start typing the name of an app, and the menu will predict matches for you.  You can also easily access important commands, such as the power (shutdown, restart) menu and the new “Settings” menu.  You can also still right click on the Start menu to get a cut down, by powerful context menu:


I probably use the Start menu context menu more than any other menu – it has shortcuts to almost all of the critical an key Windows functions.

3. The Task Bar

This is where active apps and additional shortcuts to apps and websites live.  The change here is that an active application which has been “pinned” to the task bar is now underlined in white.  The icons are flatter and cleaner than in previous versions, as far as I can tell.


There’s also a button which arranges all active apps (“Task View”) which is a bit like the Windows + Tab combo.  You can also right click on items in the task bar to show frequently accessed directories and to pin/unpin things from the task bar.

taskview   task-context

4. The System Tray

Of all the improvements in Windows 10, my favourite has to be the changes to the System Tray area.  Aside from the usual handy tray icons and basic system info which is displayed here:


There’s a new “slide out” menu which you can access  by gesturing (swiping) from the edge of the right side of the monitor inwards on a touch screen or by clicking on the notification icon (the white chat bubble icon).


This handy menu will be slightly different depending on what’s installed on your computer.  On my high end Dell laptop, I have an array of useful features:


Whereas on my more limited desktop, the options are fewer:


This is a really quick and handy way to access functionality which you might want to easily toggle (such as screen brightness) without having to set up keyboard shortcuts, hotkeys or to click several times into settings r the Control Panel.

The Settings Menu

Windows 8/8.1 had a special PC settings menu which was accessed via the “charm menu”, by swiping the right hand side of the screen, or pressing Windows Key + C.  This menu (or an approximation of it) finds its way into Windows 10 as the Settings menu.  You can access it from the new Start menu, or by clicking on the notification windows in the system tray and selecting “All settings”.


This is somewhat confusing, since Windows 10 still retains the classic Control Panel which most of us are probably used to.  Yet this dialog contains a lot of settings which are not available elsewhere in the system (without delving into Group Policy or the Windows Registry).  Speaking of the Control Panel, it’s still here:

Control-Panel  Control-Panel-Detail-View

Of course, the best way to navigate the Control Panel is to switch to “Details View” (IMHO) which provides a comprehensive view of core system settings.

The App Store

The Microsoft App Store is still here, you can easily access it from the new Start Menu.  It renders as a windowed app, and is a handy way to search for and install useful apps:

App-Store  App-Store-Sanderstech

File Explorer/Windows Explorer

Finally, you’ll eventually access and start working with the Windows’ namesake – Windows Explorer.  In this edition, the system icons have been completely reimagined, and even display very nicely on high resolution displays.


Task Manager

Our old friend the Task Manager is still around (right click on the task bar and select “Task Manager”).  The default (collapsed) version offers the same minimal set of details as in the previous edition of Windows, clicking the “More details” option provides roughly the same functionality you’d be used to from Windows 8/8.1.

Task-Manager-Basic  Task-Manager-Performance


Well, this was just a walk through the park, so to speak.  Advanced and power users wouldn’t find too much in this article which they probably hadn’t already worked out.  For those new to Windows 10 – or to the more recent editions of Windows, I hope this article was of some value.

We won’t be staying pedestrian for too long though.  Now that I have this article as a reference point, I can start to take a deeper look in my next few articles.  Check back for more of a detailed “under the hood” view of Windows 10.

Privacy in Windows 10



Windows 10 was officially released last week.  In the wake of the release, concerns have surfaced about privacy and control issues which are enabled by default in all popular versions of the new Windows – including Enterprise edition.  We’ll take a look at what reasonable steps you could (or should) make to your install.

First off, it is worth taking note of what edition you are running.  Right clicking on the Start menu and selecting ‘System’ will yield the pertinent info:

Your edition of Windows 10


I am running Windows 10 Enterprise N, however most of what follows should apply to Pro and perhaps even Home edition.

Windows 10 Settings

Your first stop should be the Settings dialog.  Note that if you’d prefer to import registry settings, jump to the bottom of this article.

This shouldn’t be confused with the traditional Control Panel.  You can navigate easily here by clicking on the notifications icon in the system tray, or by right clicking on the Start menu and selecting ‘Settings’.


The Windows 10 Settings


We’ll look at the most important places from this menu.


You’ll want to read carefully through each tab in the Privacy dashboard.  I have taken screenshots of each one from the RTM build, showing what I’ve disabled.  I don’t like sharing my personal info as a general rule, so I’ve been quite liberal in disabling mostly everything.

Privacy-General Privacy-Location







These are suggestions, you may or may not want some of the options enabled, depending on what apps and applications you are running.

Updates & Security

Some big things in this new version – the biggie being the Automatic download and installation of Windows Update patches,  You might want to disable how you receive your updates, you can do this by going into the Advanced settings.

Updates-Security-Installing  Updates-Security 

Updates-UpdateSettings  Updates-UpdateSettings-Advanced

I’d recommend disabling some of these settings.  They aren’t necessarily as nefarious as some have made out on the Internet, but there’s some value in taking some control over when and how your system updates.  More on this in the Group Policy section, below.

Windows Defender

Unless you have a really good reason to do so, I DO NOT recommend disabling Windows Defender.  However, there’s no harm in disabling the sharing of Defender information with Microsoft or others:



If you use (or plan to use) a Microsoft Account, you might want to review what you share with the ‘Cloud’.

Accouints-Sync  Accounts-Signin

Network & Internet

WiFi Settings – WiFi Sense

If you don’t want to inadvertently share your WiFi details with contacts, you may want to disable WiFi Sense.  You do this through the Network & Internet settings.

wifi-settings  wifi-settings-sense 


The next section requires a bit more work.

Group Policy

Policy is usually used by Network Administrators or Power Users to take more control over PCs.  You’ll need to run the Group Policy Editor with elevated permissions (i.e as Administrator).

Here is the Group Policy Editor (gpedit.msc.  Note that you can export to text file all the options.  This is recommended if you want to free search for specific values.


Exported text


First off, why not use the policy to disable sending of diagnostic data (Windows Enterprise only):

Disable Telemetry (Sending Diagnostic Information)

Simply locate the “Allow telemetry” policy and enable, then set to zero (0) – applies to Enterprise edition only.

For non-Enterprise edition folks, you can try to disable Telemetry by modifying a registry value.

Open up the Registry Editor by launching regedit as an administrator.  Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\DataCollection, select AllowTelemetry, change its value to 0, then apply.

GroupPolicy GroupPolicy-Telemetry

Disable auto-install of Windows Updates

[Updated: 06/08/2015]

I couldn’t verify that the group policies below were actually having any effect, so I took a look at previous registry settings instead.  I’ll leave these policy bits in for reference, but you may want to try the registry option instead.

This one may or may not work, you need to ensure you have configured both “Configure Automatic Updates” and “Allow Automatic Updates immediate installation” policies:

GroupPolicy-Updates GroupPolicy-WindowsUpdates-AutoInstall

Workaround – Registry

I took a look at previous OSes – particularly registry settings and then applied them to Windows 10 Pro and Enterprise editions. 
Lo and behold, they abided by the settings!

Controlling Windows Updates with WSUS

Therefore, it stands to reason that if you operate a Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) server and you want Windows 10 clients to get updates from your WSUS server, you might want to apply this registry change.  Windows 10 operating systems appear to WSUS as ‘Windows Vista’ (for Windows 10 Pro) or ‘Windows Vista Enterprise (N) Edition’ for Windows 10 Enterprise (N):


Computers running Windows 10 listed in the WSUS Computers list

When configured successfully to use WSUS, there’s a slight change to the Windows 10 Windows Update settings page:

image image

It stands to reason that you could omit the WSUS values to control how Windows Updates are applied.  Here are the registry settings:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

“WUServer”=”http://<your WSUS server>:8530”
“WUStatusServer”=”http://<your WSUS server>:8530”


I located the possible values and meanings for the above settings via TechNet:

Entry Name Value Range and Meanings Data Type
AUOptions Range = 2|3|4|5 Reg_DWORD
2 = Notify before download.  
3 = Automatically download and notify of
4 = Automatic download and scheduled
installation. (Only valid if values exist for ScheduledInstallDay and ScheduledInstallTime
5 = Automatic Updates is required, but end
users can configure it.
NoAutoUpdate Range = 0|1 Reg_DWORD
0 = Enable Automatic Updates.
1 = Disable Automatic Updates.
ScheduledInstallDay Range = 0|1|2|3|4|5|6|7 Reg_DWORD
0 = Every day.
1 through 7 = The days of the week from
Sunday (1) to Saturday (7).
(Only valid if AUOptions equals
ScheduledInstallTime Range = n; where n = the time of day in 24-hour format
UseWUServer The WUServer value
is not respected unless this key is set.
AutoInstallMinorUpdates Range = 0|1 Reg_DWORD
0 = Treat minor updates like other
1 = Silently install minor updates.

For more information on these settings and what their values represent, check out TechNet.

Controlling Windows Updates without WSUS

If you do not use WSUS, try just setting these values in the registry:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00


Disable Web Search from Start Menu

Finally, I found disabling the obligatory “desktop and web” search in the Start Menu significantly speeds up the Start Menu.  Policy = “Do not allow web search”:


Cleanup: Remove Services

There are two key Windows Services which appear to participate in the sending of diagnostic data, Diagnostic Tracking Service “DiagTrack”and WAP Push Message Routing Service “dmwappushservice”.


Launch a Command Prompt as Administrator and execute the following:

sc delete DiagTrack

sc delete dmwappushservice

I haven’t noticed any ill-effects from removing these two Windows Services.

Registry Import

If you’d prefer to simply import that changes I made, copy this text and save it into a text file on your system (filename with a .reg extension) and import into the registry.

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00








































































The following links were helpful in compiling this article